Lets have an Introduction to HTML

What is HTML?

HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages.

  • HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
  • HTML describes the structure of Web pages using markup
  • HTML elements are the building blocks of HTML pages
  • HTML elements are represented by tags
  • HTML tags label pieces of content such as “heading”, “paragraph”, “table”, and so on
  • Browsers do not display the HTML tags, but use them to render the content of the page

A Simple HTML Document

Page Title

<!DOCTYPE html>
<title>Page Title</title>

<h1>My First Heading</h1>
<p>My first paragraph.</p>



HTML tags are element names surrounded by angle brackets:

< tagname>content goes here…</tagname >

  • HTML tags normally come in pairs likeand
  • The first tag in a pair is the start tag, the second tag is the end tag
  • The end tag is written like the start tag, but with a forward slash inserted before the tag name

HTML Page Structure

Below is a visualization of an HTML page structure:html_gazettes

The Declaration

The declaration represents the document type, and helps browsers to display web pages correctly.

  • It must only appear once, at the top of the page (before any HTML tags).
  • The declaration is not case sensitive.
  • The declaration for HTML5 is: